Linux Distribution


Linux is just a “Kernel”. To make Linux a complete operating system, it needed to be combine with other free available softwares. Linux distributions do this job.

To install Linux, selection of a Linux distribution is must.

There are many different Linux distributions available which are as follows:

Linux Mint
CentOS/ Red Hat Enterprise Linux
openSUSE/ SUSE Linux Enterprise
Arch Linux
Slackware Linux
Puppy Linux

Ubuntu is a free operating system.
Ubuntu is an open source operating system.
Ubuntu is based on Debian.
Ubuntu synchronized its most of the software repository from Debian repositories.
Ubuntu incorporates all the features of Unix operating system.
Ubuntu is primarily used to be designed on personal computers.
Ubuntu don't have server edition
Ubuntu offers its releases in every six months.
Ubuntu is an African word that means “humanity to others”.

Linux Mint is a free operating system.
Linux Mint is an open source operating system.
Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu and Debian.
Linux Mint synchronized its most of the software repository from Ubuntu repositories, so most of the softwares remains on both.
Linux mint is designed easy to use and with multimedia support on desktop.

Debian is a free operating system.
Debian also support some non-free softwares too whenever needed.
Debian is an open source operating system.
Debian systems uses Linux Kernels to develop and operating system package.
Debian is also under process to support other kernels like the “kernel Hurd” too.
Debian will run on almost all personal computers.

More topics from Linux to read
LINUX covered following topics in these notes.
LINUX solved questions

Python Programming ↓ 👆
Java Programming ↓ 👆
JAVA covered following topics in these notes.
JAVA Programs
Principles of Programming Languages ↓ 👆
Principles of Programming Languages covered following topics in these notes.

Previous years solved papers:
A list of Video lectures References:
  1. Sebesta,”Concept of programming Language”, Pearson Edu 
  2. Louden, “Programming Languages: Principles & Practices” , Cengage Learning 
  3. Tucker, “Programming Languages: Principles and paradigms “, Tata McGraw –Hill. 
  4. E Horowitz, "Programming Languages", 2nd Edition, Addison Wesley

    Computer Organization and Architecture ↓ 👆

    Computer Organization and Architecture covered following topics in these notes.

    1. Structure of desktop computers
    2. Logic gates
    3. Register organization
    4. Bus structure
    5. Addressing modes
    6. Register transfer language
    7. Direct mapping numericals
    8. Register in Assembly Language Programming
    9. Arrays in Assembly Language Programming


    1. William stalling ,“Computer Architecture and Organization” PHI
    2. Morris Mano , “Computer System Organization ”PHI

    Computer Network ↓ 👆
    Computer Network covered following topics in these notes.
    1. Data Link Layer
    2. Framing
    3. Byte count framing method
    4. Flag bytes with byte stuffing framing method
    5. Flag bits with bit stuffing framing method
    6. Physical layer coding violations framing method
    7. Error control in data link layer
    8. Stop and Wait scheme
    9. Sliding Window Protocol
    10. One bit sliding window protocol
    11. A protocol Using Go-Back-N
    12. Selective repeat protocol
    13. Application layer
    1. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, David J. Wetherall, “Computer Networks” Pearson Education.
    2. Douglas E Comer, “Internetworking with TCP/IP Principles, Protocols, And Architecture",Pearson Education
    3. KavehPahlavan, Prashant Krishnamurthy, “Networking Fundamentals”, Wiley Publication.
    4. Ying-Dar Lin, Ren-Hung Hwang, Fred Baker, “Computer Networks: An Open Source Approach”, McGraw Hill.