Hypertext Markup Language
Extensible Markup Language
HTML used to display data
XML used to describe data
Data stored in interior of HTML pages.
Can store data on separate file as well in HTML documents
HTML tags are pre-defined
XML tags are not pre-defined
HTML is not case sensitive.
XML is case sensitive.
HTML is a presentation language
XML is not a presentation language
In HTML, its not necessary to use a closing tag.
In XML, its necessary to use a closing tag.
HTML is static.
XML is dynamic.
HTML is static because used to display data.
XML is dynamic because used to transport data.
HTML does not preserve whitespaces.
XML preserve whitespaces.
HTML not needed database connectivity.
XML needed database connectivity.
HTML is a markup language
XML provide a framework to define markup language.
HTML mainly used for creating web pages.
XML mainly used for store and transport of data.
HTML stores files  with .htm or .html extension.
XML, stores files with .xml extension.
HTML works on browser.
XML stores data for easy manipulation and access.

HTML code:




XML code:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<Title>Web Engineering</Title>

Python Programming ↓ 👆
Java Programming ↓ 👆
JAVA covered following topics in these notes.
JAVA Programs
Principles of Programming Languages ↓ 👆
Principles of Programming Languages covered following topics in these notes.

Previous years solved papers:
A list of Video lectures References:
  1. Sebesta,”Concept of programming Language”, Pearson Edu 
  2. Louden, “Programming Languages: Principles & Practices” , Cengage Learning 
  3. Tucker, “Programming Languages: Principles and paradigms “, Tata McGraw –Hill. 
  4. E Horowitz, "Programming Languages", 2nd Edition, Addison Wesley

    Computer Organization and Architecture ↓ 👆

    Computer Organization and Architecture covered following topics in these notes.

    1. Structure of desktop computers
    2. Logic gates
    3. Register organization
    4. Bus structure
    5. Addressing modes
    6. Register transfer language
    7. Direct mapping numericals
    8. Register in Assembly Language Programming
    9. Arrays in Assembly Language Programming


    1. William stalling ,“Computer Architecture and Organization” PHI
    2. Morris Mano , “Computer System Organization ”PHI

    Computer Network ↓ 👆
    Computer Network covered following topics in these notes.
    1. Data Link Layer
    2. Framing
    3. Byte count framing method
    4. Flag bytes with byte stuffing framing method
    5. Flag bits with bit stuffing framing method
    6. Physical layer coding violations framing method
    7. Error control in data link layer
    8. Stop and Wait scheme
    9. Sliding Window Protocol
    10. One bit sliding window protocol
    11. A protocol Using Go-Back-N
    12. Selective repeat protocol
    13. Application layer
    1. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, David J. Wetherall, “Computer Networks” Pearson Education.
    2. Douglas E Comer, “Internetworking with TCP/IP Principles, Protocols, And Architecture",Pearson Education
    3. KavehPahlavan, Prashant Krishnamurthy, “Networking Fundamentals”, Wiley Publication.
    4. Ying-Dar Lin, Ren-Hung Hwang, Fred Baker, “Computer Networks: An Open Source Approach”, McGraw Hill.