Historical development

Historical development of Cloud Computing: 
  1. In 1950 the main frame and time sharing are born, introducing the concept of shared computer resources.
  2. During this time word cloud was not in use.
  3. Cloud computing is believed to have been invented by Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider in the 1960s with his work on ARPANET to connect people and data from anywhere at any time.
  4. In 1969 the first working prototype of ARPANET is launched.
  5. In 1970 the word “Client-Server” come in to use.
  6. Client server defines the computing model where client access the data and applications from a central server.
  7. In 1995, pictures of cloud are started showing in diagrams, for not technical people to understand.
  8. At that time AT & T had already begun to develop an architecture and system where data would be located centrally.
  9. In 1999 the salesforce.com was launched, the first company to make enterprise applications available from a website.
  10. In 1999, the search engine Google launches.
  11. In 1999, Netflix was launched, introducing the new revenue way.
  12. In 2003, web2.0 is born, which is characterized by rich multimedia. Now user can generate content.
  13. In 2004 Facebook launches giving users facility to share themselves.
  14. In 2006, Amazon launched Amazon Web Services(AWS), giving users a new way.
  15. In2006, Google CEO Eric Schmidt uses the word “cloud” as an industry event.
  16. In 2007, Apple launches iPhone, which could be used on any wireless network.
  17. In 2007, Netflix launches streaming services, and live video watching is born.
  18. In 2008, private cloud come in to existence.
  19. In 2009, browser based application like google apps are introduced.
  20. In 2010, hybrid cloud (private+public cloud) comes in to existence.
  21. In 2012, Google launches google drive with free cloud storage.
  22. Now cloud adoption is present, which makes cloud computing more stronger.
  23. The IT services progressed over the decades with the adoption of technologies such as Internet Service Providers (ISP) Application Service Providers.
More topics from Cloud Computing to read
Cloud Computing:
EasyExamNotes.com covered following topics in these notes.
  1. Introduction to Cloud Computing
  2. Historical development of Cloud Computing 
  3. Vision of Cloud Computing
  4. Characteristics of cloud computing as per NIST
  5. Cloud computing reference model
  6. Cloud computing environments
  7. Cloud services requirements
  8. Cloud and dynamic infrastructure
  9. Cloud Adoption and rudiments
  10. Cloud application: ECG Analysis in the cloud
  11. Cloud application: Protein structure prediction
  12. Cloud application: Gene Expression Data Analysis
  13. Cloud Computing Architecture
  14. IaaS
  15. PaaS
  16. SaaS
  17. Types of Clouds
  18. Cloud Interoperability & Standards
  19. Scalability and Fault Tolerance
  20. Cloud Ecosystem
  21. Cloud Business Process Management
  22. Cloud Service Management
  23. Cloud Analytics
  24. Testing Under Control
  25. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
  26. Cloud Resiliency
  27. Cloud Provisioning
  28. Asset management
  29. Concepts of Map reduce
  30. Cloud Governance
  31. High Availability and Disaster Recovery
  32. Virtualization in cloud computing
  33. Server virtualization
  34. Hypervisor management software
  35. Third Party Cloud Services
  36. Case Study: Google App Engine
  37. Case Study: Microsoft Azure
  38. Case Study: Hadoop
  39. Case Study: Amazon
  40. Case Study: Aneka
A list of Video lectures
  1. Buyya, Selvi ,” Mastering Cloud Computing “,TMH Pub
  2. Krutz , Vines, “Cloud Security “ , Wiley Pub
  3. Velte, “Cloud Computing- A Practical Approach” ,TMH Pub
  4. Sosinsky, “ Cloud Computing” , Wiley Pub
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    Principles of Programming Languages
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    Previous years solved papers:
    A list of Video lectures References:
    1. Sebesta,”Concept of programming Language”, Pearson Edu 
    2. Louden, “Programming Languages: Principles & Practices” , Cengage Learning 
    3. Tucker, “Programming Languages: Principles and paradigms “, Tata McGraw –Hill. 
    4. E Horowitz, "Programming Languages", 2nd Edition, Addison Wesley

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      Computer Organization and Architecture 

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      1. Structure of desktop computers
      2. Logic gates
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      4. Bus structure
      5. Addressing modes
      6. Register transfer language
      7. Direct mapping numericals
      8. Register in Assembly Language Programming
      9. Arrays in Assembly Language Programming


      1. William stalling ,“Computer Architecture and Organization” PHI
      2. Morris Mano , “Computer System Organization ”PHI

      Computer Network ↓ 👆
      Computer Network

      EasyExamNotes.com covered following topics in these notes.
      1. Data Link Layer
      2. Framing
      3. Byte count framing method
      4. Flag bytes with byte stuffing framing method
      5. Flag bits with bit stuffing framing method
      6. Physical layer coding violations framing method
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      8. Stop and Wait scheme
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      10. One bit sliding window protocol
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      1. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, David J. Wetherall, “Computer Networks” Pearson Education.
      2. Douglas E Comer, “Internetworking with TCP/IP Principles, Protocols, And Architecture",Pearson Education
      3. KavehPahlavan, Prashant Krishnamurthy, “Networking Fundamentals”, Wiley Publication.
      4. Ying-Dar Lin, Ren-Hung Hwang, Fred Baker, “Computer Networks: An Open Source Approach”, McGraw Hill.